The Basic Tajweed Rules Explained Simply

Basic Tajweed Rules

There are many Tajweed rules to learn, and in this article, we will teach you everything you need to know about them, so let’s get started.

What are the basic Tajweed Rules? There are more than 70 tajweed rules, but the basic rules to learn include Noon Sakinah and Tanween, Izhaar, Idghaam, Iqlaab, Ikhfaa, Noon and Meem Mushaddad, Meem Sakinah, Ikhfaa Shafawy, Idghaam Shafawy, and Al-Madd.

First, let’s understand the meaning of the word Tajweed then we will learn each ofמחסני חשמל מבצעים באר שבע מכונת כביסה  טכניקה להעלת משקל בדחיקת חזה  grüne zimmerpflanze große blätter  mini balon adidas  biglie con ciclisti  leroy merlin deska klozetowa  elac debut s10 2 subwoofer review  спален комплект 100 памук цветенца  piatti di plastica dorati  разклонител пвц ппк ф40 ф40-87градуса  תצפית על מטוסים נתב ג  tracciato tav firenze  rear ram  stainless steel charcoal bbq grill  ottoman gardens kolonya hasbahçe  the tajweed rules.

What is Tajweed?

Quran to explain the basic tajweed rules

Tajweed are the rules that are made to make the recitation of the holy Quran easy. It helps you read the verses correctly without making any mistakes. The literal meaning of the word tajweed is “doing something well”. It helps you read the verses of the Quran correctly and pronounce each letter how it is supposed to be pronounced. This in turn will help you understand the meaning of the verses you read easily.

How many rules are there in Tajweed?

There are more than 70 tajweed rules, and they are classified based on the following matters:  

  • The articulation points of each letter.
  • The characteristics of each letter.
  • The change of rules is based on the order of the letters.
  • Exercising the tongue and repeating a lot.

What are the Basic Tajweed Rules?

There are many tajweed rules but the Islamic scholars have divided the rules into the following basic tajweed rules:

1. Noon and Meem Moshaddadah.

From its name this rules apply when finding any of the two letter noon (ن) and meem (م) with a shaddah on it to be written as (نً / مً ) while including Ghunnah of 2 beats.

2. Al Qalqalah.

tajweed qalqalah refers to making a vibration sound at the end of pronunciation of the following letters:

Qaaf (ق), Ttaa(ت), Baa(ب), Jiim(ج) or Daal(د). And you apply this rule when you find sukoon or shaddah on the letter. The rule include minor, medium, and major.

3. Noon Sakinah and Tanween:

Among the tajweed rules is the rule of Noon Sakinah and Tanween. When you find the mark of sukoon on the letter noon (ن) or when you find the tanween, you should apply this rule. Take note that tanween refers to pronouncing noon Sakinah at the end of the word without writing it. You should write it as (اً). The rule includes Izhaar, Idghaam, Iqlaab, and ikhfa rule.

4. Meem Sakinah.

When you find the letter meem  (م) with the mark of sukoon on it then should apply one of the following rules: Ikhfaa Shafawy, Idghaam Shafawy, and Izhar Shafawy.

5. Prolongation.

This rule refers to pronouncing the letter by giving it from 2 to 6 beats based on its type.

6. Heavy and light letters.

There are two types of pronunciations of Arabic letters: heavy letters and light letters.

7. Laam Shamsyiah & Qamaryiah.

The tajweed rule of Laam Shamsyiah & Qamaryiah includes two rules and they are Izhar and Idgaam.

8. Hamzah.

There are two types of Hamzah and you can find one of them in any place in the world. It’s the Hamza-tul Oata. While you can only find the other one at the beginning of the word and you drop it when continuing the reading. Its name is Hamzah-tul Wasl.

How do you remember Tajweed rules?

The key to learning the tajweed rules is to Learn slowly. Learn each rule on its own and take your time to understand and practice it. You don’t need to rush yourself out. Learning tajweed rules is not easy. If you put pressure on yourself, you may lose hope and stop in the middle of the way. Or, you will forget everything you learned. We don’t want any of this to happen, so learn each rule and give yourself time to master it.

Tips to Memorize Tajweed Rules

Learning and memorizing the tajweed rules might seem hard but it’s not. Here are a few tips that will help you memorize each rule in a second.

  • Enroll yourself in a good online class to learn with a professional tutor.
  • Ensure your understanding of each rule. If you still don’t understand it, ask your teacher to explain it again and practice using it on your own.
  • Listen to your favorite reciter and repeat after him, this will help you to memorize and understand the rule faster.
  • Keep practicing and don’t be afraid of making mistakes. You will learn from them and no one will judge you.
  • Don’t lose hope and keep learning. Het rid of all the negative thoughts you have. It’s normal to take time in the beginning.
  • Teach the rules that you learn to a friend or a family member. This will make you memorize the rule fast.
  • Intentions is really important; every day make your intention to learn the tajweed rules and remind yourself that you’re doing this for Allah.
  • Ask Allah to help you keep going and never lose hope.

When you follow these few steps, you won’t find any problem memorizing and learning the tajweed rules. You can also find Tajweed Rules PDFs that you could download and use it to revise what you have learned.

What is Ghunnah in Tajweed?

Gunnah in tajweed is a nasal sound that comes out of the nose. It is a trait of the two letters Meem and Noon, it is a part of them and can’t be separated.

So, Gunnah is a sound that you articulate from the nose if you close your nose and try to make its sound it won’t work.

What is Tanween in Tajweed?

One of the basic tajweed rules is the rule of Noon Sakinah and Tanween. When you find the mark of sukoon on the letter noon (ن) or when you find the tanween then you should apply this rule. Take a note that tanween refers to pronouncing noon Sakinah at the end of the word without writing it, it is written as (اً). The rule includes Izhaar, Idghaam, Iqlaab, and ikhfa rules tajweed.

What is Ikhfa?

Ikhaf means hiding, which refers to the letters that aren’t stated. Like the tanween it stays hidden unlike the ghunnah that is clearly applied.

Is it obligatory to read with Tajweed?

Learning the tajweed rules helps you read correctly because as you know the meaning of the word can completely change if you dropped a letter or read it wrong. Therefore, yes learning tajweed is important if you don’t want to make a mistake while reciting the Quran.

The prophet (peace and blessing be upon him) said:

“Verily the one who recites the Quran beautifully, smoothly, and precisely, he will be in the company of the noble and obedient angels. And as for the one who recites with difficulty, stammering or stumbling through its verses, then he will have TWICE that reward.” (Sahih Al-Bukhari)

Shaykh Zakaria Al-Ansari said: “It is imperative for a Muslim to learn the rules of recitation that preserve the meaning and function of words since failure to do so is blameworthy.”

Ali Hanafi said, “Correct rules of recitation must be learned to avoid changes in meaning and function. It is preferable for a Muslim to learn the rules which preserve meaning and make it clearer since a great deal of hardship is involved in mastering all the rules of correct recitation.”

Conclusion.

There are more than 70 tajweed rules, but the basic rules to learn include Noon Sakinah and Tanween, Izhaar, Idghaam, Iqlaab, Ikhfaa, Noon and Meem Mushaddad, Meem Sakinah, Ikhfaa Shafawy, Idghaam Shafawy, and Al-Madd.

  • They are classified based on the following matters:  
  • The articulation points of each letter.
  • The characteristics of each letter.
  • The change of rules is based on the order of the letters.
  • Exercising the tongue and repeating a lot.

Gunnah in tajweed is a nasal sound that comes out of the nose, it is a trait of the two letters Meem and Noon, it is a part of them and can’t be separated. So, Gunnah is a sound that is articulated from the nose if you close your nose and try to make its sound it won’t work.

Ikhaf means hiding, which refers to letters that aren’t stated.

That’s it for today’s article, for more information visit our website, Quran classes.  

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